Quick Answer: Is Alexithymia A Mental Illness?

Do people with alexithymia have emotions?

Despite the name, the real problem for people with alexithymia isn’t so much that they have no words for their emotions, but that they lack the emotions themselves.

Still, not everyone with the condition has the same experiences.

Some have gaps and distortions in the typical emotional repertoire..

Is alexithymia in the DSM?

Alexithymia is not classified as a mental disorder in DSM-5. The instrument that is most frequently used to measure alexithymia is the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), a self-report questionnaire. … Higher scores on the scale are indicative of increased alexithymia.

Is alexithymia a form of autism?

Alexithymia is a personality construct characterized by altered emotional awareness which has been gaining diagnostic prevalence in a range of neuropsychiatric disorders, with notably high rates of overlap with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, the nature of its role in ASD symptomatology remains elusive.

What causes alexithymia?

State alexithymia has a specific cause is is often a temporary condition. Post-traumatic stress disorder, caused by experiencing a horrifying event, is one example that is known to trigger this type of alexithymia. Trait alexithymia is believed to be a characteristic inherent in a person’s personality.

What is a narcissistic alexithymia?

Narcissistic personality disorder is characterized by grandiosity, self-admiration needs, and empathy deficits (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). An emerging body of work suggests that narcissism is particularly associated with an alexithymia subtype (i.e., difficulties identifying feelings).

Do psychopaths have alexithymia?

Individuals with psychopathy are self-indulgent, undercontrolled, deceitful, manipulative, charming, and free of anxiety. Like those characterized by the alexithymia prototype, however, they are not introspective, and they lack insight, warmth, and empathy.

Can alexithymia be genetic?

The inability to express emotions (alexithymia) is thought to be hereditary. … The role of genetic and environmental factors for developing alexithymia is still unclear, and the aim of this study was to examine these factors in a large population-based sample of twins.

What disorder causes lack of emotions?

Schizoid personality disorder is characterized by a long-standing pattern of detachment from social relationships. A person with schizoid personality disorder often has difficulty expressing emotions and does so typically in very restricted range, especially when communicating with others.

Is it possible to have no emotions?

Despite the name, the real problem for people with alexithymia isn’t so much that they have no words for their emotions, but that they lack the emotions themselves. Still, not everyone with the condition has the same experiences. Some have gaps and distortions in the typical emotional repertoire.

Can you treat alexithymia?

Treatments. To date, there isn’t a single individual treatment for alexithymia. The exact treatment approach depends on your overall health needs. For example, if you have depression or anxiety, taking certain medications for these conditions could also help emotional health symptoms.

Do I have alexithymia?

Signs and symptoms of alexithymia include: difficulties identifying feelings and emotions. problems distinguishing between emotions and bodily sensations that relate to those emotions. limited ability to communicate feelings to others.